Facial pigmentation is most probably simply a tan due to the high level of exposure to the UV rays of the sun. This is a natural process and cannot really be described as a problem. Real pigmentation problems can of course be of two kinds: hyper-pigmentation, a condition in which areas of the skin become darker than others due to increased production of melanin by the skin cells, and hypo-pigmentation, which refers to the condition wherein some areas of the skin become lighter due to a drop in the melanin production. In most cases the abnormal pigmentation occurs due to 2 major factors – prolonged exposure to the sun resulting in skin damage, or extreme hormonal changes in your body. In your case, your question seems to imply that you either suffer from hyperpigmentation or have a simple tan. For a tan, all you need to do is avoid exposing your skin to sunlight – avoid spending time in the sun, and when you really must be outdoors during the day, wear a sunscreen lotion and also wear a hat or cap.
Treating Facial Hyperpigmentation
Treating hyperpigmentation depends on how long you’ve had this condition, and also on the causes. If you are unaware of what is causing the problem, you should consult a skin specialist, as topical treatments and home remedies will be useless as long as the underlying problem persists. Once the underlying problem has been addressed, your skin will gradually return to normal, and you can speed up this process by using some home remedies.
First of all, while washing your face, it is important that you use a mild soap and not a harsh one that will dry your skin. Exfoliating is also an important routine for skin care, since it removes the dead skin cells and makes room for new healthy skin to grow. Honey is known to be one of the most effective ingredients for skin care, and lemon juice is a natural cleanser and bleach. You can mix honey with lemon juice, sandalwood powder, rice flour, and even turmeric powder to make an exfoliating paste. Gently massage your face with this paste, and leave it on for a few more minutes, before washing it off with lukewarm water. You can then splash a bit of cool rose water on your face. In addition, make sure that you diet is balanced healthy, as any nutritional deficiencies will hamper your skin’s ability to repair itself.